The Porsche Cayenne (Type 9PA [Designated 955 in online forums, not recognized by Porsche Cars AG]) is a mid-sizeluxurycrossoversport utility vehicle produced by the German manufacturer Porsche since 2002, with North American sales beginning in 2003. It is the first V8-enginedvehicle built by Porsche since 1995, when the Porsche 928 was discontinued. It is also Porsche’s first off road variant sports car since its Superand Junior tractors of 1950s, and the first Porsche with four doors. Since 2008, all engines have featured direct injection technology.
The second-generation Cayenne (Type 92A) was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show in March following an online reveal. Although the Cayenne shares its platform, body frame and doors with the similar Volkswagen Touareg and Audi Q7, all other aspects of vehicle design, tuning and production are done in-house at Porsche. The second generation received a facelift in 2014 with minor external changes, and introduced a new plug-in E-Hybrid version, with its public launch at the Paris Motor Show.
First generation (2002–2010)
The Porsche Cayenne entered the market with mixed anticipation. However, it soon proved that it was the performance vehicle among SUVs and was praised for its excellent handling and powerful engines.The lineup initially consisted of the V8-powered Cayenne S and Cayenne Turbo. Later in the model cycle, VR6 and diesel-powered versions joined the lineup.
The base model is powered by a 3.2-L VR6 engine producing 250 PS (184 kW); modifications in the exhaust manifold allow power to peak at 6700 rpm. Acceleration from 0 to 60 mph (97 km) is approx 7.5 seconds with manual transmission and 8.1 seconds with the Tiptronic S.
The S is powered by an 8-cylinder engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing. The Cayenne S engine produces 340 PS (250 kW) and 310 lb⋅ft (420 N⋅m) of torque. Acceleration from 0–60 mph is 7.1 seconds and the top speed is 150 mph.
Introduced only for 2006 (Pre-GTS concept), a special distinctive Cayenne S Titanium Edition Wagon (9PA), a 1 Year exclusive, limited production SUV featuring a lightweight steel body (it is lighter than the Cayenne S), titanium-painted accented body parts, side lower rocker body panels, 4 sports chrome tailpipes, 19″ titanium painted alloy wheels, bi-xenon headlights, two-tone interior upholstery, Porsche PCM w/ trip computer navigation, MP3 audio and Bose cabin surround sound. Exhaust tone is aggressive and deep, even at idle. This sporty design S(Ti) is also powered by an alloy 4.5L V8 engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing. The Cayenne S(Ti) engine produces healthy 340 PS (250 kW) and 310 lb·ft (420 N·m) of torque. Acceleration is quicker from 0–60 mph at sub 6.8 seconds and the top speed is 150+ mph. It featured sport tuned suspension, and includes a low-range case, a locking differential and six-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission (See Turbo & Turbo S).
The GTS is powered with a 405 PS (298 kW) 4.8-L V8 and features a sport suspension and 21-inch (530 mm) wheels. It is lighter than the Cayenne S and has an aerodynamic body kit. The Porsche Cayenne GTS has a 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) time of 5.7 seconds. A six-speed manual transmission is also offered.
Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S
The first-generation Cayenne Turbo had 450 PS (331 kW), and accelerated from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 5.3 seconds.A Turbo S version was built in 2006 to compete with the Mercedes-Benz ML 63 AMG. The Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S included a low-range case, a locking differential, and the height-adjustable, off-road suspension. The S was powered by a twin-turbocharged 4.5-L V8 that produced 521 PS (383 kW) and 720 N⋅m (530 lb⋅ft) of torque; Acceleration from 0–60 mph (96 km/h) was 5.0 seconds and the top speed was 171 miles per hour; It featured a six-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission.
In 2008 an updated Turbo model, featuring a larger 4.8-L engine, was revealed at the Beijing auto show. It produced 50 PS (37 kW) more power, and now accelerated from 0–60 mph (96 km/h) in 4.9 seconds. Also revealed with the new Turbo was a new 550-horsepower (410 kW) Turbo S. Acceleration from 0–60 mph is 4.7 seconds and it has optional ceramic composite brakes.
Porsche has sold a diesel version of the Cayenne powered by a 3.0-L V6 TDI engine since February 2009.The engine is rated at 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) and 550 N⋅m (410 lb⋅ft) of torque. The car was unveiled in 2009 Geneva Motor Show. The diesel can accelerate from 0–60 mph in 9.2 seconds.
Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 (2010)
In May 2009,a limited edition version based on Cayenne GTS was introduced, designed by Porsche Design Studio and included a Porsche Design chronograph Type P’6612. Production was limited to 1000 units, 100 in the USA.
At the IAA 2005, Porsche announced it would produce a hybrid version of the Cayenne before 2010 (Porsche Cayenne Hybrid). Two years later, at the IAA 2007, Porsche presented a functioning Cayenne Hybrid and demonstration model of the drivetrain.
Notable modifications to this car include an electric vacuum pump and hydraulic steering pump, allowing the car to function even when the engine is deactivated. A 288-volt nickel metal hydridebattery is placed under the boot floor, occupying the space normally used for a spare tire.
The production version, called the S Hybrid, was launched in 2010, with a 3.0-L petrol V6 linked with an electric motor to achieve CO2 emissions of 193 g/km.The S Hybrid was launched in the U.S. market in November 2010.
In July 2014, Porsche announced the launch of the Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid, a plug-in hybrid with an all-electric range between 18 and 36 km (11 and 22 mi) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) standard. The plug-in model displaced the Cayenne S Hybrid from the line up, and it is part of the revised range. The Cayenne S E-Hybrid is the first plug-in hybrid in the premium SUV segment, allowing Porsche to become the first automaker with three production plug-in hybrid models.Deliveries in Germany were scheduled to begin in October 2014.Sales in the U.S. began in November 2014.
Guinness World Record
On 1 May 2017, a 2017 Porsche Cayenne S Diesel set the Guinness World Record for heaviest aircraft pulled by a production car. The Cayenne towed a 285 ton Air France Airbus A380 to a distance of 42 meters, breaking the previous 2013 record of a Nissan Patrol towing a 170 ton Ilyushin Il-76 to a distance of 50 meters.After the attempt Porsche repeated the test using a petrol-powered Cayenne Turbo S with 800 Nm of torque, 50 Nm less than the S Diesel, in an effort to prove the Cayenne’s remarkable ability.